archives Jean-Dominique CARRE Contemporary Art
avant-gardes of the sixties and seventies
52 rue mazarine f -75006 paris france
tel. (33)(0)1 43 54 12 64
archives.carre (at) wanadoo.fr
gutai art association (gutai bijutsu kyokai) concrete art association
KANAYAMA Akira, MAEKAWA Tsuyoshi, MASANOBU Masatoshi, MOTONAGA Sadamasa, MURAKAMI Saburo, SHIMAMOTO Shozo, SHIGARA Fujiko, SHIGARA Kazuo, SUMI Yasuo, TANAKA Atsuko, UEMAE Chiyu, UKITA Yozo, YOSHHIDA Toshio, YOSHIHARA Jiro, YOSHIHARA Michio
GUTAI 2. October 10, 1955.
30 pages, illustrations, some colored. Text in Japanese. Text in English by Y. Ukita: "Documentary on the Second Edition of Gutai". Reproductions of works by: J. Yoshihara, K. Shiraga, S. Shimamoto, A. Tanaka, M. Yoshihara, I. Ono, A. Kanayama, Y. Sumi, Y. Sekine, M. Masanobu, S. Murakami, T. Kinoshita, S. Tsugimura, Y. Hashigami, C. Uemae, H. Okada, M. Inui. Softcover. 25.7x27 cm. Nishinomya City, Gutai Art Association, 1955. On the front cover, 6 small punch press holes to let each of the letters of "GUTAI" and number "2" show through the cover. Edited by J. Yoshihara, S. Shimamoto.
GUTAI 7. July 15, 1957.
(24) pages (+ 1 sheet, loose, translation into English of the text in Japanese: "Gutai on the stage, July 17, Wednesday opening 1.00PM, Sankei hall, Tolyo"), illustrations, some colored. Text in Japanese. Reproductions of works by K. Shiraga, T. Yamasaki, S. Shimamoto, K. Nakahashi, Y. Sumi, A. Kanayama, J. Yoshihara, M. Yoshihara, T. Yoshida, S. Murakami, A. Tanaka, S. Motonoga. At the third Gutai art exhibition: A. Kanayama, S. Motonaga, T. Kinoshita, Y. Sumi, K. Nakahashi, C. Uemae, J. Yoshiara, S. Murakami, T. Yamasaki, T. Yoshida, N. Sakamitsu, K. Shiraga, A. Tanaka, Y. Ukita, S. Shimamoto, M. Yoshihara, F. Shiraga, S. Sato, M. Tsutsui, K. Mizuguchi, K. Ohara, T. Toyoshima, I. Oono, M. Masanonu, T. Tsubouchi, T. Yoshimoto, T. Shibata, Y. Hara, K. Tanaka. Softcover. 25x26.9 cm. Nishinomya City, Gutai Art Association, 1957. Front cover: last image of "Gutai on the stage". Edited by J. Yoshihara, S. Shimamoto.
GUTAI 8. September 29, 1957. Michel Tapié: L'Aventure Informelle.
Numéro spécial sur l'Art Informel. (Issue devoted to the "Art Informel").
(cxxxviii)p. 9 color illustrations. 86 monochrome illustrations.
Bilingual Japanese/French texts on abstract art by Michel Tapié and Jiro Yoshihara.
Wrappers, in publisher's cardboard case.
Gérant: Michel Tapié, Jiro Yoshihara.
General layout: the Gutai group.
Editor: Shozo Shimamoto.
Nishinomiya, Japan, 1957.
Gutai group and European and American painters (Appel, Baj, Buri, Brown, Coetzee, de Kooning, Dubuff et, Domoto, Falkenstein, Guiette, Imaï, Kline, Götz, Krasner, Motherwell, Siraga, Shimamoto, Kinoshita, Kanayama, Atsuko Tanaka, Yamasaki, Yoshida, Murakami, Motonaga, Yoshihara, Uemae, Pollock, Sam Francis, Serpan, Tápies, Socu Teshigahara, Wiols, Von Frankenstein, et al).
Catalogue of the Gutai exhibition, Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, 1999, p. 215.
GUTAI magazine, edited by the Japanese avant-garde group GUTAI comes in 14 issues, published from January 1955 through 0ctober 1965, all very scarce.
GUTAI Art Association. Osaka International Festival. The international art of a new era (Informel and Gutai groups). 1958.
(4) pages, illustrations. Bilingual French-Japanese text by M. Tapié. List of the participating artists. Reproductions of the works by: K. Shiraga, Serpan, S. Teshigahara. Softcover. 24.4x17.9 cm. Exhibition: April 12-20, 1958, The Takashima Department Store, Osaka Japan.
GUTAI Art Association: The 9th Gutai Art Exhibition. 4. 19-24, 1960: The International Sky Festival. 1960.
(6) pages. Text in japanese and list of the participating artists, including westerner ones. Accordion folded. 19.4x18.3 cm. Exhibition on the terrace of The Takashima Department Store, Osaka. Nishinomya City, Gutai Art Association, 1960.
GUTAI Art Association, Pinacotheca, Osaka, 1962.
8 pages, text in Japanese (except one by M. Tapié, bilingual French-Japanese) and b/w offset photos. Gutai Pinacotheca, Osaka, 1962.
YOSHIDA, Toshio. Gutai Pinacotheca. 1962.
(4) pages + covers. 5 reproductions of works. Loose, as issued. 25x26 cm. Exposition: December 1-10, 1962 at the Gutai Pinacotheca, Osaka.
MUKAI, Shuji. Exhibition, May 1963, Gutai Pinacotheca.
(4) pages, including covers. Text in Japanese. 6 reproductions of works. Softcover. 24.7x25.8 cm. Exhibition May 01-10, 1963 at the Gutai Pinacotheca, Osaka. Signed by S. Mukai on the last cover, au feutre noir. Osaka, Gutai Pinacotheca, 1963.
GUTAI Art Association: Tsuruko YAMASAKI. July 1963, Gutai Pinacotheca.
(4) pages, including covers. Text in Japanese. 4 reproductions of works. Softcover. 25x26 cm. Exhibition July 01 - 10, 1963. at the Gutai Pinacotheca, Osaka.
NASAKA, Iuko. Gutai Pinacotheca, November 1964.
(4) pages, including cover. Text in Japanese. 6 reproductions of works. 24.5x26.7 cm. Exposition: November 1-10, 1964 at the Gutai Pinacotheca, Osaka.
MASANOBU, Masatoshi. Gutai Pinacotheca, March1965.
(4) pages, including cover. Text in Japanese. 3 reproductions of works. 24.5x26.7 cm. Exposition: March 1-10, 1965 at the Gutai Pinacotheca, Osaka.
GUTAI 14. Octobre 1965. 15th Gutai art exhibition. Ekspositie nul 1965.
(12) pages + (6) pages, loose, traduction into English ofthe text in Japanese: "The History of the Gutai Group" and chronology of the exhibitions of Gutai and text by J. Yoshihara, illustrations. Reproductions of works by: T. Nabekura, K. Imanaka, S. Tai; T. Yoshida, R. Hamada, T. Matsutani, S. Mukai, S. Shimamoto, T. Yamasaki, J. Yoshihara, Y. Shibagaki, S. Murakami, M. Masonobu, M. Yoshihara, S. Motonaga, M. Yoshida, N. Imai, M. Sakamoto, K. Shiraga et de H. Haacke, L Fontana. Softcover. 24.6x26 cm. Nishinomya City, Gutai Art Association, 1965.
14th exhibition by the Gutai Group (1964, The Takashima Department Store, Osaka and participation in The 'Nul' International, Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, 1965, with H. Haacke, H. Peeters, R. Klein-Uecker, J. Schoonhoven, L. Fontana, P. Bury, G. Colombo, E.L.L. de Wilde, N. Reinhold, G. Rickey, Soto, O. Piene, N. Vigo, A. Schmela, H. Mack, G. Uecker. 14th and last issue of this Gutai periodical.
Last issue of this artist periodical.
GUTAI Art Association. Galerie Stadler. 1965-1966.
Folding catalogue, 6p. of which 2 p. text in French by M. Tapié, illustrations. 27.1x10.5 cm. Show at Galerie Stadler, Paris, November 30, 1965 - January 8, 1966. First Gutai group show in France. Kanayama, Maekawa, Masanobu, Matsutani, Motonaga, Mukai, Murakami, Nasaka, Shimamoto, Shiraga, Sumi, Tanaka, Tsubouchi, Uemae, Ukita, Yamasaki, Yoshida, Yoshihara.
The Gutai Art Association Manifesto
(Proclaimed in October 1956, published in December 1956 in the art journal "Geijutsu Shincho")
With our present awareness, the arts we have known up to now appear to us in general to be fakes fitted out with a tremendous affectation. Let us take leave of these piles of counterfeit objects on the altars, in the palaces, in the salons and the antique shops.
These objects are in disguise and their materials such as paint, pieces of cloth, metals, clay or marble are loaded with false significance by human hand and by way of fraud, so that, instead of just presenting their own material, they take on the appearance of something else. Under the cloak of an intellectual aim, the materials have been completely murdered and can no longer speak to us.
Lock these corpses into their tombs. Gutai art does not change the material but brings it to life. Gutai art does not falsify the material. In Gutai art the human spirit and the the material reach out their hands to each other, even though they are otherwise opposed to each other. The material is not absorbed by the spirit. The spirit does not force the material into submission. If one leaves the material as it is, presenting it just as material, then it starts to tell us something and speaks with a mighty voice. Keeping the life of the material alive also means bringing the spirit alive, and lifting up the spirit means leading the material up to the height of the spirit.
Art is the home of the creative spirit, but never until now has the spirit created the material. The spirit has only ever created the spiritual. Certainly the spirit has always filled art with life, but this life will finally die as the times change. For all the magnificent life which existed in the art of the Renaissance, little more than its archaeological existence can be seen today.
What still keeps that vitality, even if passive, may be primitive art or the art created after Impressionism. These are things in which either, due to skillful application of the paint, the deception of the material had not quite succeeded, or else, like Pointillist or Fauvist, those pictures in which the materials, although used to reproduce nature, could not be murdered after all. Today, however, they are no longer able to call up deep emotion in us. They already belong to a world of the past.
Yet what is interesting in this respect is the novel beauty to be found in works of art and architecture of the past which have changed their appearance due to the damage of time or destruction by disasters in the course of the centuries. This is described as the beauty of decay, but is it not perhaps that beauty which material assumes when it is freed from artificial make-up and reveals its original characteristics? The fact that the ruins receive us warmly and kindly after all, and that they attract us with their cracks and flaking surfaces, could this not really be a sign of the material taking revenge, having recaptured its original life? In this sense I pay respect to Pollockïs and Mathieuïs works in contemporary art. These works emit the loud outcry of the material, of the very oil or enamel paints themselves. These two artists grapple with the material in a way which is completely appropriate to it and which they have discovered due to their talent. This even gives the impression that they serve the material. Differentiation and integration create mysterious effects.
Recently, Tominaga Soichi and Domoto Hisao presented the activities of Mathieu and Tapi? in Informel art, which I found most interesting. I do not know all the details, but in the content presented, there were many points I could agree with. To my surprise, I also discovered that they demanded the immediate revelation of anything arising spontaneously and that they are not bound by the previously predominant forms. Despite the differences in expression compared to our own, we still find a peculiar agreement with our claim to produce something living. I am not sure, though, about the relationship between the conceptually defined pictorial elements like colours, lines, shapes, in abstract art and the true properties of the material in Informel art. As far as the denial of abstraction is concerned, the essence of their declaration was not clear to me. In any case, it is obvious to us that purely formalistic abstract art has lost its charm, so that the Gutai Art Society founded three years ago was accompanied by the slogan that they would go beyond the borders of abstract art and that the name Gutaiism (concretism) was chosen. Above all, we had to search for a centrifugal approach, instead of the centripetal one seen in abstract art.
In those days we thought, and indeed still do think today, that the most important merits of abstract art lie in the fact that it has opened up the possibility to create a new, subjective shape of space, one which really deserves the name creation.
We have decided to pursue the possibilities of pure and creative activity with great energy. We tried to combine human creative ability with the characteristics of the material in order to concretize the abstract space.
When the abilities of the individual were united with the chosen material in the melting-pot of psychic automatism, we were overwhelmed by the shape of space still unknown to us, never before seen or experienced. Automatism naturally made the image which did not occur to us. Instead of relying on our own image, we have struggled to find an original method of creating that space.
The works of our members will serve as examples. Toshiko Kinoshita is actually a teacher of chemistry at a girlsï school. She created a peculiar space by allowing chemicals to react on filter paper. Although it is possible to imagine the results beforehand to a certain extent, the final results of handling the chemicals can not be established until the following day. The particular results and the shape of the material are in any case her own work. After Pollock many Pollock-imitators appeared, but Pollockïs splendour will never be extinguished. The talent of invention deserves respect.
Kazuo Shiraga placed a lump of paint on a huge piece of paper, and started to spread it around violently with his feet. For about the last two years art journalists have called this unprecedented method "the Art of committing the whole self with the body." Kazuo Shiraga had no intention at all of making this strange method known to the public. He had merely found the method which enabled him to confront and unite the material he had chosen with his own spiritual dynamics. In doing so he achieved an extremely convincing result.
In contrast to Shiraga, who works with an organic method, Shozo Shimamoto has been working with mechanical manipulations for the past few years. The spray pictures created by smashing a bottle full of paint, or the large surface made in a single moment by firing a small, hand-made cannon filled with paint by means of an acetylene gas explosion, etc., display a breathtaking freshness.
Other works which deserve mention are those of Yasuo Sumi produced with a vibrator or Toshio Yoshida, who uses only one single lump of paint. All their actions are full of a new intellectual energy which demands our respect and recognition.
The search for an original, undiscovered world also resulted in numerous works in the so-called object form. In my opinion, conditions at the annual open-air exhibitions in the city of Ashiya have contributed to this. That these works, created by artists who are confronted with many different materials, differ from the objects of Surrealism can be seen simply from the fact that the artists tend not to give them titles or to provide interpretations. The objects in Gutai art were, for example, a painted, bent iron plate (Atsuko Tanaka) or a work in hard red vinyl in the form of a mosquito net (Tsuruko Yamazaki), etc. With their characteristics, colours and forms, they were constant messages about the materials.
Our group does not impose restrictions on the art of its members, letting them make full use of their creativity. For instance, many different experiments were carried out with extraordinary activity such as art felt with the entire body, art which could only be touched, Gutai music (in which Shozo Shimamoto has been doing interesting experiments for several years) and so on. Another work by Shozo Shimamoto is like a bridge which shakes everytime you walk over it. Then a work by Saburo Murakami which is like a telescope you can enter to look up at the heavens, and an installation made of plastic bags with organic elasticity, etc. Atsuko Tanaka started with a work of flashing light bulbs which she called "Clothing." Sadamasa Motonaga worked with water, smoke, etc. Gutai art put the greatest importance on all daring steps which lead to an undiscovered world. Sometimes, at first glance, we are compared with and mistaken for Dadaism, and we ourselves fully recognize the achievements of Dadaism. But we think differently, in contrast to Dadaism, our work is the result of investigating the possibilities of calling the material to life.
We shall hope that there is always a fresh spirit in our Gutai exhibitions and that the discovery of new life will call forth a tremendous scream in the material itself.
(Proclaimed in October 1956, published in December 1956 in the art journal "Geijutsu Shincho")
We are interested in purchasing artist books, multiples, prints and unique artworks by this group of artists.
Please contact us.
Nous sommes intéressés par l'achat de livres d'artiste, estampes, multiples et oeuvres uniques de ce groupe d'artiste.
Merci de nous contacter.